What disturbed me, as it had done others, was the necessity of accounting for the supposed influence of various populations, particularly of the Semitic population in Palestine.
In various papers these names in Palestine were proved to be identical with those in Asia Minor, Greece, Italy and Spain.
The clear evidence of Genesis is that the early population of Palestine was not Semitic but TURANİAN, and as we have lately found, allied to the populations of Khita class in the regions already cited...page 10
Examination of the legend of Atlantis in reference to Protohistoric communication with America - Hyde Clarke (Royal Historical Society) - e-book
Hyde Clarke is :
Member of the American Oriental Society
Member of the German Oriental Society
Member of the Philoligical Society of Constantınople
President of the Academy of Anatolia
The wonderfull system of writing, called from the shape of the characters, cuneiform , or wedge-shaped was invented by the orginal Turanian inhabitants of Babylonia...page 16
It is generally supposed that Babylonia was peopled in early times by Turanian tribes (tribes allied to the Turks and Tatars) and that these were conquered and dispossessed by the Semites...page 34
ANCIENT HISTORY FROM THE MONUMENTS - THE HISTORY OF BABYLONIA by GEORGE SMITH - BRITISH MUSEUM e-book
The Sumerians. Possibly as early as 8000 B.C.E., an ancient race lived in Mesopotamia, also known as the "Fertile Crescent," between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. These people were the Sumerians. They made astronomical observations and developed astronomical theories that were later borrowed by invading Semitic people from the North and West. Sumerians invented a form of writing in clay with a wedge-shaped stylus that was an evolution of their earlier pictographs. This stylus writing in clay is called cuneiform, from the Latin words cuneus, "wedge," and forma, "shape."
By the time of classical Greece, the Sumerian race had been completely forgotten. In 1846, Sir Henry Layard (1817-1894) visited archaelogical digs in the ancient Assyrian city of Nineveh. He found many clay tablets with cuneiform writing. They could not be interpreted at the time but realizing their historical importance, he sent what he found to the British Museum.
A Londoner named George Smith (1840-1876) heard of these mysterious ancient inscriptions, and devoted his spare time to studying them at the British Museum. He deciphered tablets found by Layard and others, and the British Museum gave him a permanent position because of his successes.
The cuneiform tablets proved to be an invaluable treasure trove. They were remains from the library of Ashurbanipal (668-626 B.C.E.), an Assyrian king who had all existing cuneiform tablets in the kingdom collected and copied. Thus the library contained a very complete chronology of the earlier Semitic Babylonian dynasties and their culture. Older Sumerian works that still existed were also copied.
George Smith is probably most famous for deciphering the Babylonian Epic of Gilgamesh, which included an account of the Biblical Flood. (Later, in 1914, Arno Poebel announced the deciphering of an earlier Sumerian tablet from Nippur that also described the Biblical Flood.) Smith's keen insights allowed him to decipher abbreviations that Sumerians and Babylonians used in astronomical tables. In 1876, George Smith became ill and died while on a final mission searching for missing tablets in the area surrounding Nineveh.
As the texts were deciphered, it was realized that the Semitic Babylonian was mixed with an unrelated language. This turned out to be Sumerian. George Smith published the "Annals of Assur-bani-pal" in 1871, and once again the world learned of the ancient Sumerians.
The Sumerians referred to themselves as the "Black Heads" (as did later Babylonians). Statues of Sumerians that have been excavated appear similar to some statues from ancient India. Since deciphering cuneiform, Sumerian has been classified as a Turanian language, unrelated to Semitic or Indo-European languages.
Modern linguistic research has found similar vocabulary and concepts between Sumerian and ancient languages and cultures of of Sudan and the Dravidians in India. Sumerians also worshipped deities similar to those of the Dravidians, and like the Hindus and Egyptians ascribed numerous qualities to their deities.
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